BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA: Enabling Labor Mobility

International Development
Implementation Services
Stakeholder Engagement
U.S. Agency for International Development
Technical Assistance

BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA - IMPAQ International supported the Deloitte LLP (formerly BearingPoint) team of contractors to provide technical assistance under USAID’s Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) Program for Enabling Labor Mobility (ELMO). The ELMO program set forth an agenda for reform of labor market structures and streamlining of social contributions that will be critically important for the development of BiH’s small and medium enterprise (SME) sector.  This project had three distinct but related components:  1) Tax reform, 2) Social Dialogue, and 3) Labor Inspection.  Each of the components aimed for reform and modernization of existing institutions in the light of international standards and best practices in old and new European Union (EU) member states, in the two main jurisdictions (Entities) of BiH, namely the Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska (RS).

For Component 2 (Social Dialogue), IMPAQ arranged seminars, conferences, study tours, and other activities that helped enhance the capacity of the Economic and Social Councils of both Entities to understand their role and function, and transform them into meaningful consultative bodies on which the respective Governments can rely for analysis of, and advice on current economic and social issues.   IMPAQ was also active in the revision of the labor laws and carried out detailed analyses of the labor laws and the respective General Collective Agreements of both Entities. The objective was to bring the legislation into closer conformity with international (ILO) and European Union standards and good labor relations practice.  Among others, these activities helped promote improved labor relations and a regulatory framework that is better suited to a market economy system.

For Component 3 (Labor Inspection), IMPAQ provided a detailed analysis of existing institutions, their role, scope, functions, organization, and resources; a comprehensive new Labor Inspection policy/strategy; as well as advice and assistance regarding reform of labor inspection relevant legislation.  In addition, a Training Needs Analysis and study tours were conducted.