Understanding HIV Prevention factors for Men Who Have Sex with Men

Official Title
Understanding Barriers and Facilitators to HIV Prevention for Men Who Have Sex with Men
Atlanta, GA; Jackson, MS; Miami, FL; New Orleans/Baton Rouge, LA
10/2014 –12/2016
IMPAQ Health
Social Programs
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Sub To
Research Support Services
In-depth Interviews
Qualitative Data Analysis

This study explored the factors that protect some men who have sex with men (MSM) who engage in high-risk sexual behavior from contracting HIV. It focused on a racially, ethnically, and linguistically diverse sample of MSM from different age groups in four metropolitan areas with high HIV infection rates:  Atlanta, Georgia, Jackson, Mississippi, Miami, Florida, and New Orleans/Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

This work provides a better understanding of prevention and protective factors. It should also improve the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s ability to create programs and interventions to help reduce the high proportion of new cases of HIV among some groups.

IMPAQ recruited, screened, and completed in-depth, semi-structured qualitative interviews with 150 MSM in these four areas. Our work included developing the NVivo coding structure for the interview transcripts, coding them, and collaborating with our partners to analyze the data and author one or more articles based on the findings. We also created and provided documentation for an analytic database.

This project built on our recent qualitative research on barriers to and facilitators of prevention, treatment, and care for African-Americans and Latinos with HIV. In this project, our researchers also expanded their expertise in refined qualitative data analysis and use of the Nvivo10 software.           

Our interdisciplinary team included senior and mid-level researchers with decades of experience in qualitative research and systematic qualitative data analysis, as well as broad knowledge of public health issues and health care delivery to those with HIV and those at risk of contracting it.