According to the latest figures by the National Statistical Office of Malawi, 25.7% of children in Malawi aged 5-14 are involved in child labor activities. This project brief summaries IMPAQ’s randomized control trial of the Child Labour Elimination Actions for Real Change (CLEAR II) program in three tobacco-growing districts in Malawi.
Specifically, IMPAQ is evaluating the Village Savings and Loan Associations (VSLA) component of CLEAR II, which aims at boosting household income through credit access and by relaxing liquidity constraints that impede entrepreneurship.
IMPAQ is using a randomized control trial to detect the impact of the child labor reduction program. This method provides rigorous evidence as to whether the program reduces the incidence of child labor, increases schooling, and increases savings and credit access as well as business ownership. We randomly assigned 27 villages into a treatment group and 28 villages into a control group. After the intervention, any detected differences in child labor incidents and other outcomes between the treatment and the control villages can be solely attributed to the program.